Tsavo East National Park, named after the Tsavo river, is one of the oldest game reserves in Kenya, and its wildlife largely resembles the biodiversity of the neighboring Mkomazi Game Reserve in Tanzania and Chyulu Hills National Park in Kenya.
Its semi-arid savannah and grasslands host the biggest variety of animals, and only here you are definitey guaranteed to see the Africa’s Big Five: Lion, Black Rhino, Buffalo, Leopard and Elephant. In addition to these, include into your program herds of zebras and antelopes, giraffes and impalas, mongooses and crested porcupines. Tsavo East National Park can boast of a great variety of birds, such as the black kite, crowned crane, sacred ibis, buzzer, starling, kingfisher, hornbill, secretary bird and lovebird.
The world’s longest lava flow, Yatta Plateu, formed from the eruption of Ol Doinyo Sabuk mountain, as a remarkable geological formation that makes the entire region look slightly alien. Tsavo East National Park also has a series of waterfalls on the Galana River and the Aruba Dam that attracts hundreds of birds to its waters.
This region, according to archeological findings, has been populated by our human ancestors since 6,000 years ago. Along the Galana River, several sites were discovered that shed some light on the early Stone age era, the hunting and crafting traditions of Tsavo inhabitants. They were also trading catskins and ivory with the Swahili coast. Maasai and Orma pastoralists lived in these lands until the middle of 20th century when Tsavo was turned into a wildlife reserve and local population was relocated.