Tanzania is the 30th largest country in the world and 13th largest in Africa with a population of about 45 million. It is about the size of Texas and Colorado combined or approximately the size of France, Germany and Switzerland combined.
Tanzania is located in East Africa and is comprised of the mainland and Zanzibar archipelago. It is surrounded by Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique.
Tanzania is a country that has been endowed with some of the most beautiful natural wonders in the world. In fact, three of the seven natural wonders of Africa are in Tanzania: Mount Kilimanjaro, Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti Migration. Tanzania boasts the highest peak in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro; the deepest lake in Africa, Lake Tanganyika; and the largest lake in Africa, Lake Victoria.
Tanzania has a tropical climate. The climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate in the highlands. Due to its proximity by the equator, the cooler months occur while it is summer in the northern hemisphere. The coastal regions are warmer and more humid with temperatures ranging between 25 and 31 degrees centigrade ( 77 to 87 degrees fahrenheit) between November and February and dipping below 25 degrees in the coolest months between May and August. In the highlands, temperatures range between 20 and 23 degrees centigrade (68 and 73 degrees fahrenheit) throughout most of the year and only dipping a couple degrees below 20 during the months between May and August.
There are two rainy seasons; the short rains are generally from October to December, while the long rains last from March to June.
Tanzania Wildlife Safari can be visited year round; however, the most favorable time to travel is outside the rainy and when the climate is cooler, between June and September. Beach side locations like Zanzibar can be fine to visit during the hotter months of November to February, when ocean breezes make the high temperatures bearable although humidity can still be high.